Practical Training

Practical training is an F-1 benefit that allows a student to experience off-campus training with valid employment authorization. There are two types of practical training. They are not interchangeable. Please carefully consider your options before seeking work authorization for practical training.

Curricular Practical Training (CPT)

For off-campus experiences that are an integral part of an established curriculum, meaning that it is a required part of the degree or program of study. CPT is not supplemental training experience, but rather an integral part of an established curriculum.

Authorization is provided by ISS. The full processing timeline for CPT is approximately 5 – 10 days.

Learn more

Optional Practical Training (OPT)

OPT permits students to augment their learning with off-campus experiences in their program of study.

OPT is recommended by ISS and authorized by USCIS. The processing timeline for all types of OPT is roughly 90 – 100 days.

  • Pre-completion OPT
    • Available for a maximum of 12 months while completing a program of study.
  • Post-completion OPT
    • Available for a maximum of 12 months after the completion of a program of study.
  • STEM Extension OPT
    • A 24 month extension for students with STEM designated degrees, who are successfully completing their Post-completion OPT.